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The Dropbox Problem

At Alfresco, we often refer to "the Dropbox problem". It doesn't look like anyone has written a clear explanation of what that means, so I will do the honors.

Dropbox is a very popular service for cloud-based file storage and sharing, coupled with a simple way of keeping files synchronized across all of a user's devices. I use Dropbox for keeping my personal notes and photos synchronized on my desktop, tablet, and phone. Dropbox works so well that it has become the standard for how a consumer oriented service should make a complex problem easy to solve.

But Dropbox's strength is also it's weakness. Dropbox is consumer oriented, and helps users manage the files that belong to them. It does not worry about whether the user actually owns the content that is being managed; the Terms of Service for the site requires the user to have ownership and the ability to grant redistribution rights to the company behind the service (a requirement which is often ignored). This simple model of ownership does not translate well to the enterprise world of team collaboration. Enterprises want to control the assets that are important to their work, because losing access to a critical document results in lost productivity.

Content that is produced on a team is not necessarily the property of any individual team member. If one person leaves the team, the rest of the team still needs access to the content that was previously managed by that member. Teams might not want any individual member to be able to redistribute the private documents of the team. And teams often want to search for a specific phrase among all the content produced by the team. The simplicity of Dropbox's individual-centric design does not support any of these common use cases.

"The Dropbox problem" is the name we give to the risks associated with using a consumer oriented storage service in an Enterprise setting. These risks are not unique to Dropbox, but shared by similar services such as Google Drive. Any service which an individual might use for hosting content independent of one's team is likely to raise similar concerns. When people move between organizations they often take the access to their content with them. Their previous team does not have control over the content and the other team members must recreate or do without the content that they collaborated in producing.

Even with this common problem, people continue to use these services to complete their professional work because they are so helpful. Careful team members will respect team policies towards redistributing content and will make sure to put content in a shared location before leaving the team. But these tasks are easy to overlook, and not all team members are careful. You are likely familiar with an experience like this one: the original copy of the contract can't be found, so someone tries to contact a former team member, who if they were following company procedure would have deleted all copies upon separating from the organization. This experience is getting more common in the post-PC era of Bring Your Own Device.

Enterprise content management attempts to give the organization control over the content that is being leveraged by their teams. Traditionally, ECM approaches have required a sacrifice of convenience for the user. But modern systems such as Alfresco attempt to address these problems with a minimum of hassle.

Though services such as Dropbox and Google Drive now offer team-based products which address many of these concerns, I don't think the Dropbox problem is going away. Unless an organization provides tools which preserve control while still being flexible and easy to use, workers will continue to use the free, individually-focused services to get their work done. It is the responsibility of information professionals like us to develop and deploy these tools.

Photo credit: jasonwoodhead23 @ flickr


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  1. Signetique

    Signetique on #

    You are absolutely right about the dropbox problem. The thing is, there are already solutions out there with permission-based, dropbox-like services that corporations can use safely. Of course, costs is a concern. But ultimately, the actual security and productivity benefits far outweigh any supposed cost benefits ("free") of using dropbox.

  2. Andreas Steffan

    Andreas Steffan on #

    Hi Richard,

    we will have a very hard time catching up.

    Dropbox is lightyears ahead. Traditional enterprise sharing tools are not even close in terms usability. Sure, this may be due to the fact that they are addressing issues dropbox does not care about. Still, if users reject, we lost.

    Besides, dropbox has a very sophisticated replication and conflict resolution protocol. Given the common low bandwidth situation forcing you to use replication, I don't know about anything even remotely similar in the enterprise world. has some details.

  3. Sarah F.

    Sarah F. on #

    Great info.
    Ditching Dropbox and Google Drive for technical and security issues, I've moved on to Copy, it's better than both, it's impressive!

    They give you 15GB - 20GB if you sign up via this promo link: - with a further 2GB for linking to twitter, so basically you start with 22GB free space with 5GB per each further referral.

    With a client for every platform (Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS and Android), the interface is clean, the program works wonderfully, very fast, supports Wifi Sync and AES256 encryption before sending and again on their servers, boasting no file-size limits, fair storage sharing, dup detection, gzip compression, full versioning (Dropbox charges) allowing undeletes and file rollbacks which can be a lifesaver.

  4. Richard Esplin

    Richard Esplin on #


    I agree. Thank you for the comment.


    It will be hard for Alfresco to catch up to the ease-of-use of services like Dropbox, but Alfresco does have a competitive edge of its own. It will be interesting to see whether Alfresco can release an easy-to-use synchronization service before competitors can build enterprise grade content management functionality and library services. We've been working on it, and I'm optimistic we will win that race.


    I was not familiar with that service, but the features you list are all consumer level features that have the same shortcomings in the enterprise as Dropbox. Their web site lists some corporate friendly features, but I didn't find enough detail to see how effective they would be at addressing the concerns I raise. I also didn't see any mention of content management features that allow robust enterprise automation, such as custom metadata, classification, or rules. I appreciate you bringing this service to my attention. This space is getting very crowded!

    Thank you for all of the comments!

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